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Master Thesis

Méditation de pleine conscience et trouble de stress post-traumatique : état des connaissances et revue non exhaustive de la littérature

Abstract : Mindfulness is a modified state of consciousness, derived from the religious tradition of ancient India, Hinduism and Buddhism. It has recently become a laicized and western meditation practice and is part of many therapeutic programs. It is a meditative practice, centered on the present moment, in the acceptance of experience and without judgment. Because of its intrinsic characteristics, meditation could be beneficial for patients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. Although this disorder most often has a favorable evolution, it persists in nearly 20% of patients beyond 5 years, with a significant risk of developing co-morbidities such as depression or substance use disorder. Trauma-focused psychotherapies are offered as first-line treatment, but are still insufficient for a good number of patients. The objective of this work is to synthesize the current state of science on the effect of mindfulness on psychotrauma by conducting a narrative review of the literature. The quality of the studies remains poor, and mindfulness protocols differ from one study to another, limiting comparisons. However, our results show moderate beneficial effects of mindfulness on post-traumatic stress disorder, particularly on negative cognition and hypervigilance. Mindfulness is a promising field of research for the management of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02983231
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 29, 2020 - 3:05:09 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 14, 2020 - 3:11:00 AM
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Amandine Canac. Méditation de pleine conscience et trouble de stress post-traumatique : état des connaissances et revue non exhaustive de la littérature. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02983231⟩

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