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Master Thesis

Disparité d’intoxication au plomb dans la commune de Grand Santi, enquête alimentaire et environnementale

Abstract : BACKGROUND : In Grand Santi (French Guiana), there is some disparity regarding lead impregnation in the different hamlets composing the town. The aim of our workis to study this geographic heterogeneity and to investigate the causes. MATERIAL AND METHODS : Our exploratory, cross-sectional, exploratory, anonymous epidemiological study was conducted on the basis of data from the Health and Prevention Care Centers (HPCC) between 2012 and 2016. In 2 selected hamlets, one with high blood lead levels (Dagoede Kossi) and the other low blood lead levels (Abounami). A survey on diet and life style was conducted. RESULTS : 16 houses representing almost all the inhabitants of these two “campous” were included in this study namely 7 in Abounami and 9 in Dagoede Kossi. The main risk factors for lead impregnation found after analysis were daily açaí palm consumption (p = 0.07), weekly hunting frequency (p = 0.07) and the place of purchase of table sets and cooking tools (p = 0.006). The results aroundcassava production and consumption are not significant in thisstudy. DISCUSSION : The disparities of impregnation within the commune of Grand Santi do not seem related solely to the consumption of cassava. Investigations of soil contamination by lead ammunition due to hunting and açaí palm consumption may be of interest. Results of this study could contribute to the improvement of lead poisoning prevention in French Guiana.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02991032
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Pierre Pouchin. Disparité d’intoxication au plomb dans la commune de Grand Santi, enquête alimentaire et environnementale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02991032⟩

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