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Master Thesis

Une « addiction au sucre » en cause dans l’obésité ?

Abstract : The attraction to sweetness is physiological and this, from an early age. The increased availability of sugar and the global obesity epidemic have led to the idea that sugar can induce addiction in studies in rodents. But if we observe similar behaviors, under certain conditions, to those which characterize drug addictions in rodents, the debate remains contradictory in humans and its contribution in the development of obesity is not established. In order to discuss the plausibility of a “sugar addiction” and its implication in obesity, the concept of addiction, carbohydrates and their place in the diet, as well as the physiopathology of obesity are described beforehand. Then the reflection is based on the data collected in animals and humans, opening on the broader concept of "food addiction". Finally, due to a lack of solid evidence, the concept of sugar addiction appears unconvincing, and caution is warranted in analogy with psychoactive substances. The same goes for “food addiction”, which seems more linked to a behavioral component, more than to one or more food substance(s).
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 2:46:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:34:51 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-03064644, version 1


Camille Le Corre. Une « addiction au sucre » en cause dans l’obésité ?. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2020. ⟨dumas-03064644⟩



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