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Master Thesis

Validation d’un outil d’évaluation du langage oral de la personne aphasique bilingue français-créole martiniquais

Abstract : Martinique is one of the French territories most affected by strokes The high demand for speech and language therapy for aphasia is one of the consequences of this high incidence. Moreover, the majority of people in Martinique are bilingual, and speak french and creole. Nonetheless, the language assessments currently existing for aphasic patients living in the island do not relate to their linguistic and cultural references : none test can assess aphasia in creole. To fill this lack of tools, in 2009, Emilie Dupuy developed a battery to assess oral language in creole, and standardized it on 121 healthy subjects. Our study aims to validate this battery. To reach this goal, we have formed a population of 36 aphasic subjects of vascular etiology and proposed them the battery. Then, we compared their results with those of the healthy subjects. The averages of the aphasic subjects were significantly lower than those of the healthy subjects, and the battery was sensitive to the aphasia caracteristics. The type of aphasia (fluent or non-fluent) was the variable which influenced the results of our subjects. We were therefore able to conclude on the sensitivity and validity of the test. A validation of the second part of the battery evaluating the pragmatics is however necessary on an aphasic population after a trauma, or who suffered a right hemisphere lesion.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - 12:47:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 29, 2021 - 3:10:25 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03087112, version 1



Lorren Souchette. Validation d’un outil d’évaluation du langage oral de la personne aphasique bilingue français-créole martiniquais. Sciences cognitives. 2020. ⟨dumas-03087112⟩



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