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Master Thesis

La prostitution en Corée (du sud) : entre exploitation, autorisation, pénalisation et tolérance (fin XIXe-XXIe)

Abstract : Prostitution has always been a subject of debate in many world governments and South Korea is no exception to that fact. This thesis explores how the different governments in power have institutionalised prostitution. While tracing the history of the Korean Peninsula, this work will highlight and study the various policies and laws implemented by foreign governments in Korean. Mainly the Japanese Empire during the protectorate (1905-1910) then during the colonisation (1910-1945). The Japanese during this period tended to institutionalise prostitution by authorising it and by supervising it strictly, particularly when creating comfort zones and operating thousands of Korean sex slaves (wianbu 위안부 (慰安婦). This work will also focus on policies made by the military government of the United States (1945-1948). Who as soon as they arrived, proceeded to abolish the old Japanese laws, prohibiting some ways of prostitution (trafficking). Since it was not totally abolished, it could still remain. The US government established several laws when it comes to prostitution, which served to manage the growing number of South Korean soldiers and women victims of venereal disease. Despite the advent of the first officially elected South Korean government during the election of Syngman Rhee in 1948, and after the end of the Korean War in 1953, the United States military government remained in Korea to oversee the proper maintenance of order. So follows the creation of special districts bringing together military bases, neighbouring villages and brothels. Military prostitution is at its peak in the 60s and 70s. Finally, it was the turn of the autonomous South Korean regime to set up in the 1980s a form of sex tourism. As the new century dawns, the South Korean government banned prostitution on minors then a few years later, in 2004, officially prohibited prostitution with the advent of two separate laws. This criminalisation of prostitution gave rise to a pro-prostitution South Korean feminist movement. These women, despite several demonstrations, petitions and constitutional appeals are at an impasse. This work ends with the conclusion that even if prostitution has become illegal, it remains firmly anchored in the landscape and in South Korean customs.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03142602
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 10:43:33 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 28, 2021 - 5:16:42 PM
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Nastassja Dumontet--Demarcy. La prostitution en Corée (du sud) : entre exploitation, autorisation, pénalisation et tolérance (fin XIXe-XXIe). Histoire. 2020. ⟨dumas-03142602⟩

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