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Master Thesis

L'Église catholique et la langue basque après la loi de séparation de l'Église et de l'État (1905-1933)

Abstract : This thesis explores the role played by the Catholic Church in preserving the Basque language in France at the beginning of the 20th century and ists impact. This work first examines the many initiatives set out by the Church to promote the use of the Basque language. Focusing on the Basque language and Catholic Church in the lower Pyrenees region, this thesis explores these initiatives, making a clear distinction between the Church's ideologic motivations (confrontation between the Church and the French Republic) and its sociologic motivations (importance of the number of Basque-speaking clergymen and the influence they exerted within the Basque Country). Finally, this thesis concludes that the impact of the Church's initiatives was significant. The Catholic Church greatly contributed to the cultural and linguistic effervescence of the Basque language during the period between the two world wars. Furthermore, the Church did not appear to lean into separatism, but encouraged instead the intellectual growth of the people that later on founded the first Basque nationalist group in France in 1963. This movement ended in last quarter of the century, following the continuous development of the Basque language teachings in private and public education both in Catholic and secular schools.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03148896
Contributor : Jacqueline Metayer <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 22, 2021 - 4:38:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 5:07:58 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, June 23, 2021 - 6:03:42 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03148896, version 1

Citation

Jean-Michel Bedecarrax. L'Église catholique et la langue basque après la loi de séparation de l'Église et de l'État (1905-1933). Histoire. 2018. ⟨dumas-03148896⟩

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