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Master Thesis

La simulation en rhumatologie : état des lieux national et mise en place d'un programme de formation à la ponction articulaire du genou et de l'épaule sur simulateur procédural, avec évaluation sur cadavres

Abstract : Simulation is a teaching method that has grown considerably over the past two decades, especially for the acquisition of technical skills through procedural simulation. Our work consisted of 2 parts: - A national inventory of training in Rheumatology through simulation, based on a survey sent to the 34 French University Rheumatology Departments. On the 20 answers obtained, we noted that simulation in Rheumatology is still emerging, essentially centered on the training of students. - Design of a training program for knee and shoulder arthrocentesis (theoretical course, introduction to ultrasound, videos of hybrid simulation, training on procedural simulators), with evaluation on cadavers. Two groups of 15 students, each formed in a single joint ("knee" group and "shoulder" group) to serve as control for the other. Each student punctured the two joints on cadavers, the objective being to demonstrate better skills after being trained on a simulator. At the end of the study, 22 students achieved competence in joint arthrocentesis. 79 % of the students in the “knee” group are competent on the cadaver’s knee, against 60 % of the students in the “shoulder” group (p = 0.43). 74 % of students in the "shoulder" group are competent on the cadaver’s shoulder, compared to 57 % of students in the "knee" group (p = 0.45). Due to a lack of power with too small number of people, these differences are not statistically significant and will have to be confirmed on a larger sample to validate the interest of arthrocentesis training on simulator.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03162397
Contributor : Ufr Santé Unicaen <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 8, 2021 - 2:44:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 3:42:03 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03162397, version 1

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Vincent Bretagne. La simulation en rhumatologie : état des lieux national et mise en place d'un programme de formation à la ponction articulaire du genou et de l'épaule sur simulateur procédural, avec évaluation sur cadavres. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03162397⟩

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