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Master Thesis

Le statut du phénomène du vague et son rapport avec l’ontologie

Abstract : Vagueness is a systematic phenomenon in natural languages. It is common and frequent, and it manifests in words such as: "big", "red", "heap", "many", etc. These terms have borderline cases, because for some objects we can’t say whether or not they fall within the extension of these concepts. The wave is a logical and philosophical challenge. Because, for a statement, the application of a vague term to an object of the borderline case produces an apparent indeterminacy of the truth value of the statement. This leads to the study of sorite, a resistant paradox that reflects the logical relationships inherent in vague terms. Nevertheless, it also turns out that the observational terms are vague, and that it is possible to apply sorite to the objects themselves. This poses an ontological problem. Thus, in this work we are interested in the status of the vagueness phenomenon and its relation to ontology. W e seek to know what is the ontological status of the vagueness. Is the vague an illusion linked to ignorance? Is it a phenomenon specific to langage? Or are there cases of indeterminate identity and vague objects? We will present different conceptions a nd some of their main arguments. This in order to propose a study of the ontology of the vagueness. The aim is to show what the phenomenon implies in the field of ontology, especially in relation to the common way we have of conceiving objects. We will try to see how this questioning forces us to radically revise our conception of the ontology.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 4:50:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 3:22:25 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03203286, version 1



Alexis Mézin. Le statut du phénomène du vague et son rapport avec l’ontologie. Philosophie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03203286⟩



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