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Master Thesis

L’activité physique et le cancer du sein

Abstract : Objectives : Cancer care has continued to evolve in recent years. Physical activity over the years has proven its beneficial effects and is now becoming a secondary care principle in cancer care. Thus we have lately seen the appearance of physical activity adapted by qualified sports professionals on the abilities and possibilities of patients according to their pathology. However, in spite of the proven benefits of physical activity on cancer, we still observe a large number of patients who do not practise it either after or during their treatment. The main objective of the study is to try to change the way of thinking of health professionals but also of the general population. The aim is to inform them that a breast cancer patient can engage in physical activity during and after treatment and that it will be of great benefit to her. Material and method : Descriptive study among 113 health professionals including general practitioners, gynaecologists, oncologists and nurses in the Ile-de-France region through an online questionnaire. Results : 100% of the questionnaires were usable. It turned out that out of all the health professionals, only 69% had knowledge about the benefits of physical activity on breast cancer. However, 84.9% of the professionals reported talking to their patients about physical activity to some extent (all the time, often or sometimes). The majority of health care professionals advocate physical activity to their patients to improve physical conditions such as fatigue. However, the main reason given is to improve the psychological state of their patients. The study found an increase in the percentage of patients involved in a physical activity when health professionals provided the necessary information to them. Conclusion : Despite the progress observed in the study, the percentage of breast cancer patients who are physically active remains low. This may be due to a lack of information from health professionals but also from patients.
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Laëtitia Deschamps. L’activité physique et le cancer du sein. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2020. ⟨dumas-03219574⟩

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