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Master Thesis

Stratégies d'entraînement et mode de vie des triathlètes pendant le confinement

Abstract : INTRODUCTION : The on-going Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has led the French government to take unprecedented home confinement from March to May 2020. The daily life of the French has been disrupted, and specifically that of athletes. Sporting events have been canceled and especially the training conditions hampered. The consequences of these measures will probably be all the more pronounced for outdoor sports or those requiring access to structures, such as triathlon. In this study, we were interested in the consequences on this multidisciplinary sport. Our retrospective work aimed to assess the impact of confinement on training habits, lifestyle, mental and physical health, and perceptions of triathletes. METHOD : After lockdown, we sent to triathletes a questionnaire accessible during 1 month, detailing the evolution of their training practices and the changes in their lifestyle. The broadcast was carried out through regional triathlon federations and social networks. The data was collected anonymously and then all the statistical analyzes carried out with a significance level of 5%. The main objective of our study was to assess the impact of home confinement on training habits of triathletes. The secondary objectives were to identify the factors influencing these changes in practice, to observe changes in lifestyle and to look for factors favoring injuries. RESULTS : 1 605 triathletes from all over France responded to the survey and 1 536 triathletes were included. A decrease in training volume was observed for each discipline (p <0.001). Owning a home trainer (OR [95% CI]: 2.09 [1.58-2.79], p <0.001) or using digital tools (OR [95% CI]: 1.37 [1.08-1.74], p = 0.010) appeared to be factors limiting this decrease. Loss of motivation is associated with an increased decrease in training (OR [95% CI]: 0.29 [0.23-0.36], p <0.001). The healthy lifestyle study shows an increase in alcohol consumption for 22% of participants, as well as weight changes for 52%. Multivariate analysis shows that triathletes who reduced attention to their diet are more likely to be injured (OR [95% CI]: 1.72 [1.19-2.48], p = 0.004). CONCLUSION : Lockdown put in place to combat the spread of the SARS-CoV 2 virus has had an impact on the training, lifestyle and mental and physical health of triathletes. This period will have highlighted the importance of "indoor" training equipment, and in particular the home trainer, but also the importance of maintaining social relationships with the help of digital tools. If such restrictive measures were to be repeated, it would be necessary to sensitize triathletes, sports coaches and doctors in contact with them, in order to minimize their consequences.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03237021
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 2:59:10 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 29, 2021 - 3:19:52 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 7:57:01 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03237021, version 1

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Céline Guérin. Stratégies d'entraînement et mode de vie des triathlètes pendant le confinement. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03237021⟩

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