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Master Thesis

Challenge inter-lycées (CIL) 2019 contre le tabac et les addictions : analyse de la motivation au changement des lycéens et sa corrélation avec l’impact de l’édition 2019 en Grand-Est et Nouvelle Aquitaine

Abstract : Introduction: smoking prevention in youth is a major public health issue. Therefore, after a motivational conference, the IHC, a challenge-reward type of event, offered to junior students of 15 high schools of the Nouvelle Aquitaine (NA) and 10 high schools of the Grand Est (GE) regions in France to quit smoking for a month. Objective: mainly study the evolution of high school students' motivation to change and its correlation with the IHC’s impact; then secondarily the commitment of high school students on social networks in the fight against tobacco and their satisfaction at the end of the challenge. Material and method: this was a quantitative interventional study achieved through the use of a declarative self-administered questionnaire including a quiz, before/after the conference and then one month later. The smokers evaluated their motivation of changing; non-smokers were invited to encourage smokers to modify their tobacco consumption through collective challenges and publications of all kinds on social networks, and all the high school students answered the satisfaction survey. The winning class won day tickets to an amusement park. Results: significant increase in the motivation of smokers (p <0.0001) after the conference/challenge pair to reduce their smoking: from 4.66/10 to 6.9/10 in NA, and from 4.37/10 to 7.14/10 in GE; to stop their smoking: from 3.41/10 to 5.84/10 in NA, and from 3.48/10 to 6.3/10 in GE, leading to a statistically correlated (p <0.0001) reduction/stopping tobacco rate of 74% in GE and 66% in NA. The commitment of non-smokers on social networks was notable (over 800 total subscribers, over 900 posts, over 23,000 “like”, nearly 50,000 views and a 50% engagement rate). Regarding the satisfaction of high school students in NA, 96.91% declared having learned notions during the conference (95.87% in GE) and 94.16% appreciated it (92.81% in GE); and 91.33% of students (91.97% in GE) appreciated the challenge 30 days later. Conclusion: at the end of the challenge, non-smokers actually got involved on social networks to support their smoking peers who had a motivational rebound in order to change their habits. This motivation being correlated with the very good results of smokers, the high school students came out fully satisfied. These IHC’s results therefore encourage a national deployment.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03279686
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 4:17:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 3:48:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 7, 2021 - 6:59:29 PM

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Grégory Aline. Challenge inter-lycées (CIL) 2019 contre le tabac et les addictions : analyse de la motivation au changement des lycéens et sa corrélation avec l’impact de l’édition 2019 en Grand-Est et Nouvelle Aquitaine. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03279686⟩

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