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Master Thesis

Relations fragilité / signes fonctionnels de presbyphagie primaire chez les personnes âgées

Abstract : Frailty is a decrease in the functional reserves of various physiological systems, of which swallowing could be one. Primary presbyphagia (frailty of swallowing) is not well known and under-diagnosed. However, if left undetected, it can have serious repercussions. No studies have been done on the possible link between frailty and presbyphagia. Our objective was to determine whether there is a correlation between frailty and primary presbyphagia. We created a questionnaire based on a literature review that identified functional signs of presbyphagia. The set of questions was asked to 81 subjects aged over 65 years (16 healthy, 38 pre-frail, 27 frail) in order to compare the answers of non-frail subjects with those of frail subjects. Our study showed a correlation between frailty and primary presbyphagia (p value = 0.019). Indeed, frail subjects show more symptoms of primary presbyphagia than the other subjects tested. Thus, there is an association between frailty and primary presbyphagia. Also, we observed an association between certain muscle data and functional signs of presbyphagia, including decreased walking speed, grip strength, and muscle power in subjects answering positively to presbyphagia questions categorizing frailty than those answering negatively. This questionnaire could allow an early detection of presbyphagia during a possible hospitalization or medical consultation. It would be relevant to pursue this research by correlating the answers obtained in our questionnaire to a videofluoroscopic evaluation of swallowing.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03282178
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 8, 2021 - 5:48:15 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 3:24:01 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, October 9, 2021 - 7:11:46 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03282178, version 1

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Marine Baratay. Relations fragilité / signes fonctionnels de presbyphagie primaire chez les personnes âgées. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03282178⟩

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