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Master Thesis

Formation des préparateurs en pharmacie : développement et mise en œuvre d’un programme d’habilitation au préparatoire

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Nonsterile pharmaceutical preparations are the historical core of pharmacy practice. Yet, this declining activity is now back in demand at the University Hospital of Grenoble (CHUGA). Pharmacy technicians’ training plays an important role in the quality of compounded drugs. This study aimed to design and implement an accreditation program for pharmacy technicians at the CHUGA. METHOD: The program was built on the basis the instructional design model: ADDIE. Its 5 stages are listed here: analysis (context, objectives, risks, opportunities, constraints and needs), design (defining the learning objectives, targeted competencies and appropriate instructional media), development (producing the resources), implementation (publishing and scheduling courses) and evaluation of training (participant’s feedback). RESULTS: This study’s goal was to lower the levels of risks of our activity by accrediting members of our staff. Contextual analysis showed that, among nonsterile compounding units (hospital and community pharmacies), the main instructional tools used were: companionship (96%, n=24) and internal procedures (84%, n=21). Accreditation tools were primarily: the tutor (76%, n=19) and interviews conducted by pharmacists (72%, n=18). In pharmacy technician schools, practical nonsterile compounding courses accounted for 14%, i.e. 112.2 hours, of total curriculum. Theoretical courses represented 7.9%, i.e. 63.3hours. Finally, a review of non-compliances showed that 67% (n= 76) were the consequences of a poor handling process. When designing the program, the competency framework was drafted and main components of the program were established: online courses, simulation courses and companionship. Subsequently, scenarios and educational media were created. When implementing the program, 6 participants were recruited. Apprentices’ performances were adequate according to the curriculum specifications, however due to internal mobility only 4 participants completed the program. All 4 agents were successfully accredited. Among accredited agents satisfaction rate was 97% (n=3). DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, no similar project targeting nonsterile compounding units to this one exists. Eventually, this study will contribute to lower levels of risks by standardizing training. This program ought to be tested on larger scale. This experimentation should be renewed in production units of other establishments (hospital and community pharmacies) to evaluate its benefits.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03332038
Contributor : Jean-Hugues Morneau <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 2:11:01 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 4, 2021 - 3:18:48 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03332038, version 1

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Anne-Flore Dumas. Formation des préparateurs en pharmacie : développement et mise en œuvre d’un programme d’habilitation au préparatoire. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2020. ⟨dumas-03332038⟩

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