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Master Thesis

Prévention de la surexposition aux écrans chez les enfants de 0 à 6 ans : évaluation de l’intérêt d’intégrer ce sujet au programme de formation initiale des médecins généralistes et des pédiatres en France

Abstract : Introduction: Children exposure to screens happens on a daily basis, and has some short and long term consequences on the development and behavior of the youth. Physicians consider their duties include the prevention of this issue, but estimate their training insufficient on this matter. This study aims to evaluate the requirement of integrating this subject to the formal education of future general practitioners and pediatricians. To do so, it will review their knowledge and practice, what kind of courses they had and their training needs. Methods: Nationwide quantitative, descriptive and interdisciplinary evaluation study of practices. It questions pediatrics and general medicine interns through an online questionnaire distributed between December 2020 and February 2021.The main judgement criterion evaluate the link between the presence of theoretical and practical knowledges about children screens exposure and the fact of having been made aware (internship, personal initiative, university education) of this subject. Chi-2 tests were used as comparative analysis. Results: 210 interns were included. 70% were made aware of the subject. On these, 86% esteemed having learned theoretical knowledge and 78% having hence modified their practice. Interns made aware felt more at ease to bring up children screens exposure with their patients than the interns that have not been made aware of this subject (p<0.01). They mention more often the dangers of inappropriate content access for children (p=0.02). They also consider more frequently that background television have some consequences on children (p=0.05). 83.3% of the respondents are judging their university training insufficient and 93% thought they need training on this subject. Conclusion: Physicians that follows children have a major role in preventing children screens overexposure, which became a real public health problem. This original study brings the positive impact of raising awareness of knowledge and practice among physician interns to light, and on the lack of current training. It would then be interesting that the children screens exposure theme became included in future general practitioners and pediatricians formal education.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03335241
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Submitted on : Monday, September 6, 2021 - 9:51:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:34:51 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03335241, version 1

Citation

Solène Porée Cano. Prévention de la surexposition aux écrans chez les enfants de 0 à 6 ans : évaluation de l’intérêt d’intégrer ce sujet au programme de formation initiale des médecins généralistes et des pédiatres en France. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03335241⟩

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