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Master Thesis

Freins et motivations des femmes à l'utilisation de la contraception masculine : une étude qualitative par entretiens individuels auprès de 14 femmes iséroises

Abstract : Context: Today, there is an asymmetrical distribution of responsibility for contraception in heterosexual couples. This task falls to women in 70% of the cases. Yet, male contraceptive research was conducted simultaneously with female contraceptive research. Moreover, there is clearly a need for further research into male contraceptives due to factors such as the number of unintended pregnancies, mistrust in or hormonal intolerance of female contraceptives, and the willingness of men to be involved in contraception and to control their own fertility. Aim: The objective of the study was to explore, in a sample of women, motivations and barriers to the use of male contraception with their sexual partners. Method: This study was based on a qualitative methodology. Fourteen semidirective interviews were carried out with women of various backgrounds. Interviews were transcribed and the verbatims were analyzed with an inductive thematic approach. Results: The barriers to the use of male contraception described by the female participants included: the constraints of male contraceptive options, the fear of discomfort, and anxiety surrounding potential side effects on both the body and sexuality. The use of male contraception requires trust in one’s partner because of the impact on a woman’s body in the case of failure. Participants were particularly interested in practicality, a low environmental impact, and non-hormonal methods. Additionally, male contraception can be used at the same time as a female one to ensure contraceptive security. It can take over when female contraception cannot be taken due to hormonal intolerance, or when it fails or is forgotten. Social-gender stereotypes can also be a barrier to the involvement of men in family planning and to the use of male contraceptives. Indeed, contraception is still considered a women’s business. Greater access to male contraception could lead to more equality between men and women and could give men a new role in heterosexual relationships by involving them in contraceptive decisions. Conclusion: Theoretically, women seem to be ready to share the contraceptive burden with their partners. In a practical way, the access to contraception is suppressed by the lack of diverse options and the constraints of male contraceptive methods currently available. With the recent social changes, it could be the right time to expand male contraceptive options and supply. Proving that there is an emerging market could encourage industry to increase investment in research and development. At the same time, the medical community could undergo more training on male contraception in order to spread objective information and thus break gender stereotypes involving contraception.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03343046
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Submitted on : Monday, October 4, 2021 - 4:18:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 3:25:39 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03343046, version 1

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Alix Bouchard, Eve Nicolle. Freins et motivations des femmes à l'utilisation de la contraception masculine : une étude qualitative par entretiens individuels auprès de 14 femmes iséroises. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03343046⟩

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