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Master Thesis

Développer la motivation autodéterminée par la mise en place d’un challenge sportif à destination d’une population d’adultes en situation d’obésité

Abstract : We know that the self-determination theory is essential to the development of motivational processes in people with obesity (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Some authors (Danner & Lonky, 1981; Heyman & Dweck, 1992) have studied sports challenges based on this key concept, with the aim of reinforcing the most self-determined motivation. However, these studies remain controversial in the literature. This is why the aim of the present study was to show the effect of completing a challenge on motivation and on adherence to the physical activity developed during a post-rehabilitation program follow-up. One of our studies includes 19 participants, the first group (PG N= 9) follows the standard program with one session (aerobics, muscle strengthening) (60 minutes) and balneotherapy (not mandatory) (45 minutes). The second group (PG MN=10) follows the same protocol, but with one extra session of Nordic walking to include the challenge through the TAD. The results of our study aren’t clearly established, however they still state a declining trend in extrinsic motivation, an increase in the self-determination index and in the identified regulation in the PG MN group compared to the PG N group. From a non-scientific point of view, it’s also important to note the development of additional strategies (overcoming, effort, investment). To conclude, the challenge based on SDT didn’t explicitly demonstrated additional effects on motivation, but it doesn’t hinder it. This first approach to the challenge could be deepened, espacially with regard on the development of new strategies that may be favourable to engagement in physical activity in the long term.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03343652
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 11:59:30 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 2:24:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03343652, version 1

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Marie Jaunet. Développer la motivation autodéterminée par la mise en place d’un challenge sportif à destination d’une population d’adultes en situation d’obésité. Santé publique et épidémiologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03343652⟩

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