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Master Thesis

Intérêt du réentraînement à l'effort chez les jeunes asthmatiques de 6 à 18 ans : revue de littérature

Abstract : Introduction: Asthma is a respiratory disease that is a major public health issue. This pathology, commonly found in children and adolescents, is the cause of deconditioning and a reduction in quality of life. The search for the best management leads us to look at various approaches such as exercise training. Objective: The aim of this review is to determine the effects of exercise training on the quality of cardiopulmonary components, and to demonstrate the interest of this intervention as an additional tool in the management of young asthmatics. Method: Five randomised clinical trials were included in the literature review. Articles were retrieved using the PRISMA method from PubMed, PEDro, and Cochrane Library databases. The methodological quality was analysed, data extraction and synthesis of the results are performed to answer the clinical question. Results: A total of 218 children and adolescents were included in the RCTs. Patients were aged from 6 to 17 years with an intervention duration ranging from 6 to 16 weeks. The results show in the majority of the studies, a significant inter-group difference in favour of the intervention group in the improvement of exercise tolerance. As regards the study of pulmonary function, the results are more heterogeneous. Conclusion: The scientific literature shows a consensus on the effect of exercise retraining in asthma patients aged from 6 to 18 years on the improvement of aerobic capacity. There is no consensus on the effect of treatment on improvement of lung function. Further studies with larger sample sizes are needed to verify the real applicability of the current data.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 29, 2021 - 3:26:53 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-03358722, version 1



Stephan Aymeric. Intérêt du réentraînement à l'effort chez les jeunes asthmatiques de 6 à 18 ans : revue de littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03358722⟩



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