Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Master Thesis

État des lieux de la prise en charge médicale des enfants végétariens et végétaliens en France : pratiques et perceptions

Abstract : Objectives: Despite significant increase in the prevalence of vegetarianism and veganism in children in France, there is no official recommendation on their medical management. Data on the care pathway of these children are limited. The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of their medical follow-up, to evaluate the practices of physicians and to analyze the perceptions of parents. Materials and methods : We distributed two online questionnaires: one for parents of vegetarian or vegan children, the other for attending physicians (pediatricians or general practitioners) in France. Results: Of the 241 vegetarian families who responded, more than a quarter (27.8%) said they were dissatisfied with the medical follow-up of their child. The child's diet is responsible for the renunciation of a medical consultation in 11.2% of cases. The vegetarianism of the child is not known by the attending physician in almost a third of the cases (29%). Although vitamin B12 supplementation was well respected (80.9%), biological monitoring was insufficient (29.9%).The majority of responding physicians (318/501) had already been confronted with a child's vegetarianism during a consultation. Systematic screening for meat and fish consumption was not performed by 13.9% of the physicians. Doctors who have seen a vegetarian or vegan child in consultation obtain only 26.7% of good answers concerning the practices currently recommended by the learned societies of nutrition. Referral to a fellow specialist remains an infrequent practice (36.8%). Conclusion: The medical follow-up of vegetarian and vegan children in France is not sufficiently standardized. Parents and physicians alike claim the need to develop reliable sources of information. Systematic screening for vegetarianism and referral to a specialist could be levers for improving the care of these children.
Document type :
Master Thesis
Complete list of metadata

https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03406210
Contributor : Jean-Hugues Morneau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 5:39:38 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 29, 2021 - 3:35:13 AM

File

2021GRAL5200_barbier_marion_di...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : dumas-03406210, version 1

Citation

Marion Barbier. État des lieux de la prise en charge médicale des enfants végétariens et végétaliens en France : pratiques et perceptions. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03406210⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

47

Files downloads

20