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Master Thesis

Évaluation de l’acceptabilité du vaccin anti HPV chez les étudiants de 18 à 19 ans

Abstract : Introduction: Human Papillomavirus infection is the most frequent sexually transmitted disease worldwide and is responsible for many cancers in both men and women. Vaccination remains the most efficient shielding mechanism against these diseases, but vaccine prevalence amongst women in France is insufficient. The widening of vaccination targets, to include men, could increase HPV vaccine prevalence in the overall population. The main objective of this study is to assess the HPV vaccine acceptability amongst students of 18 to 19 years old.
Material and methods: this is an observational and descriptive study carried out between March and April 2021, using questionnaires given to students coming in Nice University health department for a preventive follow up.
Results: Human Papillomavirus vaccine acceptability amongst the studied population stands at 78% and 76%, respectively in men and women. Individual protection and herd immunity are the main reasons for acceptance of the vaccine. Fear of side effects and indifference towards the disease are linked to the refusal of being vaccinated. The opinion and advice of parents does not seem to impact young people’s decisions with regards to whether getting vaccinated or not. The General Practitioner’s opinion and social media are quoted as the main levers for enhancing vaccine awareness.
Conclusion: our study shows a highly level of Human Papillomavirus vaccine acceptance by adult students. Herd immunity, children’s emancipation and vaccine advantages are linked to a higher acceptability. Our results suggest that awareness should increasingly and more systematically be raised through General Practitioners and social media.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03407912
Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire de Médecine Nice Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 28, 2021 - 5:16:44 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 4:10:59 PM

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2021NICEM120.pdf
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  • HAL Id : dumas-03407912, version 1

Citation

Bénédicte Roullaud. Évaluation de l’acceptabilité du vaccin anti HPV chez les étudiants de 18 à 19 ans. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03407912⟩

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