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Master Thesis

Facteurs associés aux modifications de l’apparence extérieure des médecins généralistes exerçant en ambulatoire en Auvergne Rhône Alpes

Abstract : Introduction. Physical appearance is very important in today’s society, particularly in the workplace. In the medical field, it plays an undeniable role in the doctor-patient relationship, as this relationship based on trust develops from the very first meeting. Sexism and insecurity at work are two phenomena that occur where female doctors are more often the victim than men. The objective of this study was to compare the changes of appearance of physicians in the workplace according to their gender and to identify the factors which are associated with them. Methods. This was an analytical cross-sectional observational study. An anonymous online questionnaire intended for general practitioners in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region was distributed from July 27 to September 10, 2021. This questionnaire examined the physicians’ profile and their work conditions at their practice, the characteristics of their patients, their outward appearance at work and in their personal lives, their experiences in regards to their appearance, and previous experiences with sexism or insecurity. Results. 511 questionnaires were completed. 69.5% of the respondents were women. The majority (65%) were under 40 years of age. 69.1% had established practices. Two-thirds of the physicians surveyed (67.9%) stated that they dressed differently at work than in their personal lives. There was only a significant gender difference among physicians under 30 years of age (86.7% of women modified their appearance compared to 46.2% of men (p=0.003)). These changes concerned clothing, jewelry, make-up, hairstyle and the display of distinguishing marks or symbols (religious, tattoos, etc.). These changes were significantly related to three factors after logistic regression: the fact that appearance is important in general (p=0.01), that appearance at work is as important as appearance in one’s private life (p<0.001) and the fact of already having experienced a feeling of insecurity in one’s professional life (p=0.007). Conclusion. This study highlights the importance of appearance in the workplace and raises the issue of insecurity. It would be interesting to study the reasons why physicians dress differently at work, to see if there is a causal link between the factors studied in our work and their choice of attire. More specifically, one could look at the impact of sexism and insecurity.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 6:23:25 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 18, 2021 - 3:34:30 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 16, 2022 - 9:17:28 PM


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Clémentine Combette, Ondine Ponsot. Facteurs associés aux modifications de l’apparence extérieure des médecins généralistes exerçant en ambulatoire en Auvergne Rhône Alpes. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03429654⟩



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