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Master Thesis

Adhésion des agriculteurs aux recommandations nutritionnelles du Programme National Nutrition Santé 2019-2023 : étude quantitative en Normandie, Mayenne et Sarthe

Abstract : Introduction: Nutrition is a major lever for preventing non-communicable diseases, the world's leading cause of death. Farmers are at the center of our diet: producers and consumers. The objective of our study is to assess farmers' adherence to the nutritional recommendations of the 4th French National Nutrition and Health Program. Method: We conducted a descriptive observational cross-sectional study by questionnaire sent by e-mail to 32 478 farmers in Normandy, Mayenne and Sarthe. Results: Of the 3952 responses included, our study highlighted recommendations less followed: at least 5 fruits and vegetables per day (51.4%), at least 2 pulses per week (34.1%), favor organic fruits and vegetables if possible (39.5%), maximum 2 glasses of alcohol per day and not every day (56.7%) and fish twice a week (25.5%) Being an organic farmer was associated with favoring organic fruits and vegetables if possible (OR=25.6), consuming at least 2 pulses per week (OR=1.5) and consuming a maximum of 2 glasses of alcohol per day and not every day (OR=1.4). Being a market gardener was associated with consuming at least 5 fruits and vegetables per day (OR=2.3). Discussion: Farmers' adherence to nutritional recommendations needs to be improved. The associations found in our study as well as motivational interviewing can be useful for this purpose. The general practitioner plays an important role with farmers. Beyond the associations found, are there causal links? If so, what impact would a healthier diet have on farmers?
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03523239
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 12, 2022 - 3:26:28 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 15, 2022 - 3:41:17 AM
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Romain Chbeir. Adhésion des agriculteurs aux recommandations nutritionnelles du Programme National Nutrition Santé 2019-2023 : étude quantitative en Normandie, Mayenne et Sarthe. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03523239⟩

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