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Master Thesis

Quel est l’impact d’un animal de compagnie sur le bien-être mental et la solitude des patients lors des périodes de confinement durant la crise du covid-19 ? : une étude en population de médecine de ville à l’aide d’une échelle validée de santé mentale

Abstract : Introduction: The Covid-19 pandemic lockdowns put social isolation and mental health back on the Public Health agenda. Pets represent an emotional connection for patients, providing social relationships and potential physical activity. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of pet ownership on mental well-being during periods of confinement. Methods: An oral questionnaire was administered to patients in three outpatient practices to assess loneliness, ESUL score, and mental well-being, WEMWBS score over the period of 02/16/21 to 04/22/21. Results: The population included 60 patients in the Animal group and 40 in the No Animal group. There were no differences between the 2 groups on clinical characteristics. The Animal group had a lower mean ESUL score (38.4 vs 36.8, p=0.5) and a higher mean WEMWBS score (52.3 vs 50.2, p= 0.2) than the No Animal group. Marital status was the only predictor of loneliness (aOR: 0,16[0,05-0,49], p=0,002), marital status and the absence of a psychiatric history were predictors of mental well-being. Conclusion: Pet ownership appeared to decrease loneliness and increase mental well-being during periods of confinement without being significant. In periods of confinement, this dimension should be integrated in the psychological approach of patients consulting in general medicine.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03543719
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - 11:10:54 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 28, 2022 - 3:35:20 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 6:35:50 PM

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Anne-Charlotte Le Blay. Quel est l’impact d’un animal de compagnie sur le bien-être mental et la solitude des patients lors des périodes de confinement durant la crise du covid-19 ? : une étude en population de médecine de ville à l’aide d’une échelle validée de santé mentale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03543719⟩

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