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Master Thesis

Levels of burnout in general practitioners: evaluation of risk and protective factors

Abstract : Background: we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of burnout among French general practitioners (GPs) in private practice, and to study risk and protective factors of burnout. Methods: the COVISTRESS international study is an online questionnaire collecting demographic and occupational data, using the secure REDCap® software. Exclusion criteria were to work out of France and only in a hospital. Burnout levels were evaluated using non-calibrated visual analog scale, from 0 (no burnout) to 100 (maximal burnout). Results: we included 200 GPs among the 1329 retrieved questionnaires. 24.5% of French GPs were in severe burnout (burnout level > 60). The risk factors of severe burnout were combining hospital and private practice (OR 3.11, 95CI 1.00 to 9.72) and working in medical house (2.98, 1.02-8.70). There is a dose-response relation between workload and burnout: the risk of severe burnout increased by 57 % per 10 hours of work per week (1.57, 1.20 to 2.04), and by 42 % per 10 weekly consultations (1.42, 1.10 to 1.84). Protective factor of severe burnout was being married or in couple, decreasing the risk of severe burnout by 62 % (0.38, 0.16 to 0.89). Conclusion: GPs are at high risk of burnout with 26.5 % of them in severe burnout, affecting predominantly those over 40 years old. Main risks factors of sever burnout were combining hospital and private practice, working in health medical house, having a higher workload and many consultations. The main protective factor was being in couple. It is necessary to consider the mental health of GPs to reduce its impact on the quality-of-care French medicine.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Monday, March 28, 2022 - 2:15:02 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 4:09:32 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03621647, version 1



Chloé Barel. Levels of burnout in general practitioners: evaluation of risk and protective factors. Human health and pathology. 2021. ⟨dumas-03621647⟩



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