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Master Thesis

Les perceptions militaires françaises de l’engagement chinois dans la guerre de Corée

Abstract : On October 19, 2020, the PRC celebrated the 70th anniversary of the beginning of the CVC's participation in the "war of resistance to American aggression and to help Korea". The CVC was officially engaged from October 25, 1950 until the Panmunjeon Armistice on July 27, 1953. The last Chinese troops left North Korea for good on October 28, 1958. For a long time, historiography has left aside the intervention of the PRC during the Korean War, notably because of the inability to access Chinese archives, but also because of a certain lack of interest in the Korean War in general, notably in the United States but also in China. There are still few works on the subject in France. Yet France was involved in this conflict. If we often remember the sending of the BF/ONU which distinguished itself alongside the American forces, the effort in terms of intelligence, less known, proved to be very important in proportion to the apparent importance of the conflict for France. While the amount of intelligence obtained by the French on the PLA in Korea, whether through the BF/UN or the intelligence services, remained limited, the value of the latter was very valuable to the Americans who had almost no information on Chinese forces when they entered Korea. French intelligence is also valued for its reliability. Thus, France found itself as involved in the Korean War as the United States in terms of intelligence, particularly on Chinese forces. For France, the main interest of this cooperation was to encourage the United States to support the war effort in Indochina. Indeed, for France, the Korean and Indochina wars were linked insofar as they were part of the Cold War in East Asia. The knowledge obtained by the French on the PLA throughout the Korean War allowed them to see the evolution of this army, which was still a revolutionary army in October 1950, into a modern army capable of making the US Army doubt. If from the beginning of its engagement, the qualities of the PLA at the level of command and tactics appear to be undeniable, the French intelligence services also perceive its limits at the level of equipment and logistics. Through the study of military and diplomatic documents on the Chinese forces in Korea, this thesis highlights the fact that if France became involved in the Korean War and gathered a significant amount of intelligence on the PLA, it was precisely because France feared that what happened in October 1950 in Korea could happen again in Indochina. Finally, through unpublished sources, this memoir looks at the Korean War from an angle that is rarely approached. Indeed, if the Chinese engagement in Korea is very little studied in France but is studied abroad, the French perceptions of this engagement, in particular the military perceptions, remain a blind spot.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03649342
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Submitted on : Friday, April 22, 2022 - 2:11:52 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 4:03:01 AM

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Luca Di Rocco. Les perceptions militaires françaises de l’engagement chinois dans la guerre de Corée. Histoire. 2021. ⟨dumas-03649342⟩

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