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Master Thesis

Sous les décombres de Gaza, quelle justice ? Organisations non gouvernementales et justice internationale au Proche-Orient

Abstract : The conflict in Gaza, from December 28th 2008 to January 17th 2009 has put back into Iight the question of impunity in the Middle East. Non-govemmental organizations have been first on the line to enlighten war crimes committed by both sides of the conflict. Human Rights Watch is one of the most rigorous and professionals of them. The sca1e of the violations of international humanitarian law have led NGOs to call the international community to engage seriously in the fight against impunity that has been rife for decades in the context of the lsraeli-Palestinian conflict. The United Nations Human Rights Council was the only one to answer this call favorably, by creating a Fact Finding Mission on Gaza, first link of the justice chain. This FFM has produced serious conclusions and recommendations, in a context troubled by virulent "pro" as well as "anti" reactions. It is not sure whether these recommendations will be followed but the judicial mechanisms that could be used can be studied. Political will of powerful actors can also be analyzed within the framework of the double standards. Studying how can justice be established for Gaza and for the Middle East allows us to put the latter into perspective with the broader concept of peace, documenting the importance of complete justice mechanisms and their inseparable nature in the context of political negotiations. The role of actors, governmental as well as non-governmental (non state armed groups, NGOs) represents a relevant approach to analyze the evolution of a mutating pluralist paradigm.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 9, 2013 - 2:19:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 11:16:10 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00809484, version 1



Léa Gauthier. Sous les décombres de Gaza, quelle justice ? Organisations non gouvernementales et justice internationale au Proche-Orient. Science politique. 2009. ⟨dumas-00809484⟩



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