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Master Thesis

Le commerce des armes : l'économie au service de la puissance

Abstract : Since the beginning of the 2000ies, arms trade is experiencing an unprecedented phase of growth, with a historical height in 2007 (78 billion euro). Led by the United States, some very large exporters control the market almost in its entirety. Competition between them is enhanced by the militarization of numerous developing countries. But beyond economic rivalries, which have actually little to do with economic competition, arms market is not a mere trade between countries but rather a field structured by political logics. The key factor to explain the very existence of an arms trade and its design is the quest for power emanating from states. On one side, states export to gain influence to pursue short term interests as well as longer term geopolitical objectives. On the other side, states importers, which purchase overseas to respond to a lack of domestic solutions, have procurement strategies going far beyond their security needs, unveiling their intentions to gain power. This is linked to a willingness to obtain international or regional influence and prestige, and to ensure national sovereignty through armaments, in particular when weapon systems are made of modem technologies. Eventually, the market configuration enables geopolitical and diplomatic moves confronting the power of supplying states with the political expectations of importing states.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 9, 2013 - 2:46:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00809504, version 1



Bertrand Béchet. Le commerce des armes : l'économie au service de la puissance. Science politique. 2009. ⟨dumas-00809504⟩



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