Le moteur de recherche et les collégiens : quelles représentations, quels obstacles, quelle didactisation ?

Abstract : Search engines are nowadays one of the daily tools used by secondary-school pupils in need for information. Still, this notion remains poorly managed and very few pupils are actually able to explain what a search engine is and how it works. This lack of clarity may find its roots in the lack of time granted in the curriculums, along with the wrong pictures pupils may have in mind about it. Once those wrong pictures are identified, we can have a better view of the difficulties pupils are confronted with. Using those difficulties as a starting point, a work on a teaching approach can thus be initiated. To this end, we collected data thanks to a field study consisting of a survey completed by 96 pupils and eight semi-guided interviews. Conceptual confusion, a lack of critical distance regarding the tool as well as the inability to explain how it works and strong but wrong beliefs about the topic were brought to light. Once those difficulties in the understanding of the concept of search engines were clearly identified, we were able to build up and propose teaching strategies supported by the theoretical contributions of researchers in the fields of information and communication science and experts in information and documentation.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, September 18, 2015 - 2:52:48 PM
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Julien Rousseau. Le moteur de recherche et les collégiens : quelles représentations, quels obstacles, quelle didactisation ?. Education. 2015. ⟨dumas-01202004⟩

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