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Master Thesis

La pollution de l'air par les produits phytosanitaires : élaboration d'un guide de bonnes pratiques. Application au contexte alsacien

Abstract : Alsace is a sensitive area for air pollution because of its location between two mountains. Since 2013, active plant protection substances are measured in the air and a colloquium also focused on this problematic in February 2015. In a first step, this report aims to sum up the way active plant protection substances go in the air and the law concerning this subject in a first time. In a second part, an analysis of the measures in air in Alsace is made. This analysis focuses on the most important crops in the area: wine growing and field crops. An analysis of the risk of volatilization is also made on theses crops with the I-phy Air 2 indicator. Finally, ways to reduce losses in the air are presented. The intention of this report is to create a booklet which goal is to increase awareness amongst the farmers and wine growers of the problematic of active plant protection substances in the air. Measures in air in Alsace show concentration of active plant protection substances of nanograms per cubic meter. Nearly all the molecules founded were authorized on the crop in the area of measurement. They were also founded at a time of treatment. The detection frequencies were not proportional to the sales of active plant protection substances in the area. The indicator I-phy Air 2 pointed out molecules with a high risk of volatilization and risky spraying practices. Two booklets were made, one for the farmers and one for wine growers. They sum up the report adapting to the crops and the audience.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 23, 2015 - 9:49:39 AM
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Mylène Striebel. La pollution de l'air par les produits phytosanitaires : élaboration d'un guide de bonnes pratiques. Application au contexte alsacien. Sciences agricoles. 2015. ⟨dumas-01203451⟩

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