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Master Thesis

Intoxications par Phytolacca americana dans le Sud-Ouest

Abstract : Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) is a Phytolaccaceae whose richness in active compounds hasn’t yet revealed all its secrets. Though it has been used for a long time in traditional medicine, particularly in America, its modern use is more limited, but might be revived by recent discoveries and studies in cancer and infection research. 139 intoxications in South West France from July 2008 to December 2014 have been analysed. The risk of intoxication by ingestion can be explained by its ornamental character, the density of its population and the varied toxicity of its different organs. Children are mostly hit, particularly those between one and three who nearly represent seven cases out of ten. Berries are responsible in 80 per cent of the cases and their period of maturity in August September and October allows to explain the seasonal character. Indeed those three months represent 85 per cent of intoxications. Though digestive trouble can be noticed in nearly 80 per cent of symptomatic cases, intoxication is mainly non symptomatic and considered to be risk free, with the exception of the root, the toxicity of which making it much more dangerous than the other parts. Its invasive character is also a debate and causes trouble in some forests.
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Master Thesis
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Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 25, 2016 - 5:50:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 23, 2017 - 4:32:32 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01261834, version 1



Antoine Rampnoux. Intoxications par Phytolacca americana dans le Sud-Ouest. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2015. ⟨dumas-01261834⟩



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