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Master Thesis

The relevance of earthen architecture in the Gaza strip

Abstract : In Gaza Strip, housing construction projects have been exposed to various challenges due to the Israeli imposed siege and the shortage of construction materials. As the construction sector is one of the most important industries in the Gaza Strip and around the world, there has been an urgent need to think of alternative construction materials and new building techniques. The purpose of this study is to improve and recover the housing construction sector in the Gaza Strip and find alternatives to deal with the housing crisis, through investigating the relevance and applicability of using earth as a construction material for housing projects in the Gaza Strip. The different factors that have been affecting the use of earth materials were investigated through a feasibility study which included: detailed study of the local building culture, the construction sector and the availability of local materials, in addition to a questionnaire which targeted the citizens of Gaza and worked as a very effective method in investigating the feasibility, and finally stakeholders’ analysis. Development strategy for promoting earthen architecture was developed as a response to different factors that are affecting the widespread use of earth in housing projects. The strategy covered different approaches: the first approach was studying the contemporary architecture of Gaza. The second approach presented three earthen construction technologies that can be used in the contemporary scenario of the Gaza Strip. The third approach included three case studies of contemporary earthen architecture. Finally, different values of using earthen architecture have been elaborated. The use of earth as a construction material is already initiated in Gaza, with a need for improving and developing in the construction techniques, as well as changing in the perception of people who perceive earth as a weak and fragile material. Thus, based on the result of the feasibility, the study concluded with proposing innovative earthen construction techniques, as well as recommendations.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 19, 2017 - 2:32:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 31, 2020 - 1:50:01 AM


  • HAL Id : dumas-01590270, version 1


Rania Arar. The relevance of earthen architecture in the Gaza strip. Architecture, space management. 2017. ⟨dumas-01590270⟩



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