Le bien-être : enjeu de réussite éducative. Les apports du travail de groupe dans l’acquisition des savoirs et l’apparition du sentiment de bien-être

Abstract : With public health at stake, well-being has become a priority of French educational policy. The World Health Organization defines well-being as feeling well physically, morally and socially. Education, familial or social, must respect this right of well-being (UNO, 1989). Society recognizes the status and specific needs of teenagers, adults in the making, wishing to live free, fulfilling lives where they are socially accepted. However, while school represents an essential role in the life of these teenagers, one third of students declare that they do not feel comfortable there or don't like it. These pupils are more inclined to quit school early and to suffer health problems. What about the pupil finding fulfilment in class and developing a positive relationship with school and learning? The contribution of the education policy to the well-being of teenagers offers a chance for the fulfilment of future generations. Consequently, teachers must consider lessons that not only meet the requirements of the program, but also find ways to present information in interesting ways that motivate students. These past few years, we have witnessed an evolution in teaching methods. From the "transmissive" model (where pupils "received" knowledge from the professor) used almost exclusively in the past to the current education system in which pupils become more active in their learning. In this "socio-constructiviste" perspective, many teachers assert that group tasks encourage acquisition of knowledge thanks to the socio-cognitive conflict generated through the interactions between peers. Through the social relationships that this educational tool requires, the fundamental needs of pupils would be met through natural conflict and problem-solving. Therefore, the question educators must answer is how pupils should acquire knowledge while maintaining their well-being and the appropriate interactions for a stimulating group dynamic. This is the objective of this report based on observations of pupils of year 12 in a professional and technical high school
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Master Thesis
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Sophie Theiller, Delphine Pellerin. Le bien-être : enjeu de réussite éducative. Les apports du travail de groupe dans l’acquisition des savoirs et l’apparition du sentiment de bien-être. Education. 2018. ⟨dumas-02073616⟩

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