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Master Thesis

Comment faire entrer les élèves dans la résolution de problèmes par la manipulation ?

Abstract : The purpose of this study is to focus on the influence of manipulation in solving problems from pre elementary to elementary school. The findings at the origin of this work underline that, in front of a statement of mathematical problem, some students find it difficult to represent the problems mentally and to translate their understanding into mathematical symbols. Their poor notion of mathematical abstraction is the main reason of their trouble. We have therefore tried to study how manipulation can be a help to the mental representation and to the identification of the appropriate mathematical operation. So, we chose to implement an experimental approach on clinical cases. We have therefore submitted to a sample of pupils in difficulty, series of problems of different types so that they learn to represent the problem and to build a personal resolution process. The results of our scientific experimentation have shown that manipulation is an essential help towards expert resolution. Nevertheless, it is not the only necessary step to success: scaffolding proceeds and verbalization can also be effective.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 12, 2019 - 8:47:13 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02153139, version 1



Diana Odemis, Aurélie Barry, Jeanne Joyaud. Comment faire entrer les élèves dans la résolution de problèmes par la manipulation ?. Education. 2019. ⟨dumas-02153139⟩



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