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Master Thesis

L'Absinthe (Artemisia absinthium L.) : approche ethnobotanique

Abstract : Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.) plant of the family of Asteraceae is a plant with many therapeutic virtues recognized for millennia by different civilizations. It is studied and used for its virtues stomachic, cholagogue, digestive, appetizer, insecticide, repellent, phytotoxic, antiparasitic, vermifuge, antimalarial, antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, neuro-protective, hepatoprotective, antiseptic, healing, febrifuge, emmenagogue, sedative, diuretic and depurative. In the 19th century, wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.) was used in the composition of the famous eponymous drink. The drink was wrongly accused of driving mad because of a molecule present in the plant: thujone. Victimized successively by powerful wine lobbies and anti-alcohol hygienist leagues, it was finally banned from manufacturing and marketing in 1915. It is the appearance of the new modern techniques of chromatography which allowed a sensitive and selective determination of the thujone levels in Artemisia absinthium L. and which proved that the only toxicity of the drink was its high ethanol content. The drink was again authorized in 2011 when the 1915 law was abolished. The rehabilitation of the drink has led to a renewed interest from the scientific community towards Artemisia absinthium L. Recent research has shown interesting properties in anti-cancer therapies, as a treatment against Crohn's disease and as a protective treatment against lead poisoning.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 11:08:59 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02459122, version 1


Aminthe Renouf. L'Absinthe (Artemisia absinthium L.) : approche ethnobotanique. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2019. ⟨dumas-02459122⟩



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