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Master Thesis

Pratiques artistiques vestimentaires du constructivisme soviétique

Abstract : The 1917 revolutions in Russia led to the formation of a new socio-political status quo. The new Soviet society demanded a new identity from a person and, as a result, the formation of a new social environment that needed a new aesthetics. In this niche, constructivist artists have formed a new radical ideology that is different from established aesthetic standards. From now on, such art becomes at the service of the proletariat and is gradually identified with the production process. A special place was given to experiments in the field of clothing, which were embodied as projects of Prozodezhda and Normal’-odezhda clothing. And also in the field of textiles, which was printed at the First Moscow Printed Textile Factory. In the socioeconomic conditions of socialism, these projects were revolutionary as an attempt at their practical mass implementation. In this study, using various sources, an attempt is made to analyze how constructivists took a leading position in the fashion industry of the 1920s, and also why they lost it. By analyzing various publications and recordings of artists, we try to answer the question of where are the boundaries of the constructivist method, how does it work in the field of clothing creation and what principles does it adhere to. After analyzing the historical context, this study concludes that the success and failure of the constructivist fashion is only partly related to Soviet ideology. Many factors played a role in this: class stillness, unsatisfactory state of textile production, lack of competent PR, but most importantly, the inability of artists to abstract from the artistic way of thinking.
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02492012, version 1


Anastassiya Filcheva. Pratiques artistiques vestimentaires du constructivisme soviétique. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. 2019. ⟨dumas-02492012⟩



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