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Master Thesis

Gestion des troubles du spectre de l'autisme au cabinet dentaire : élaboration d’une application numérique utilisant le système PECS

Abstract : About 1 in 150 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to the Haute Autorité de Santé, in France. These disorders are characterized by three core deficits: impaired communication, impaired reciprocal social interaction and restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behaviors or interests. The oral health care of such patients can be complicated and must be adapted to each person as well as possible. Several strategies exist to improve interactions with patients with ASD, including the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), a communication method using image exchange. We wanted to create a digital tool, using the PECS system, to ensure better care for these patients, in the dental clinic. The objectives were to use pictures and other symbols to develop a functional communication system and explain dental management. This digital application had to be simple and adaptable. It was built in 3 levels corresponding to 3 environments. One showed the consultation through an animation. The other was about daily oral hygiene education at home. The last concerned the discovery of the dental office. Finaly, we developed a digital application and a communication tool between the patient with ASD and the dental surgeon.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02496219
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Submitted on : Monday, March 2, 2020 - 6:35:42 PM
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Laetitia Lobry. Gestion des troubles du spectre de l'autisme au cabinet dentaire : élaboration d’une application numérique utilisant le système PECS. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02496219⟩

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