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Master Thesis

Médicaments falsifiés : moyens de lutte et techniques de détection

Abstract : Coming from a long-term and expensive research, the life of medicine is punctuated by regulated and strict stages. Drugs are essential health products for patients, but its use beyond the specified conditions can be dangerous and fatal. Unfortunately, as drugs are also consumer merchandise, they tend to be target of vast traffic. Regarded as an important source of revenue, traffic of falsified drugs would have generated a sales turnover corresponding to 10-15% of the worldwide market, reaching 100 to 150 billion US dollars, to maybe even 200 billion US dollars, according to world economic forum study. The extent of this traffic is so far poorly known, regarding the proportion of implied criminal organizations, and the quantity of counterfeit medicines produced, places of production and sources of raw materials. A cleavage exists between industrialized and emerging countries. The distribution of falsified medicines depends on geographical area, therapeutic classes and local factors. As time goes on, the gap continues to grow at the expense of most vulnerable populations. For several years, the fight against the traffic of falsified medicines has been organized around the implementation of measures based on five main axes: regulation, collaboration, repression, technology and communication. The most recent measure concerns the implementation of the serialization process in EU Member States. It aims at improving the traceability of drugs along the pharmaceutical chain by harmonizing systems of identification and authentication, and by making safe legal pharmacy sites online. In addition, the analytical methods used by manufacturers to facilitate the detection, identification and authentication of falsified medicines are improving in terms of performance. Manufacturers are paying attention to portable analytical tools as the future of drug detection in the workplace. Their easy use , including by non-scientific operators, allow for quick and accurate control as close as possible to the distribution channels. The efforts made by the actors concerned in the fight against the trafficking of counterfeit medicines are now gradually beginning to bear fruit, although there is still room for improvement. Moreover, the benefits of this activity are so significant that traffickers are constantly adapting by developing new strategies. The actors must be vigilant and pursue continuous innovation.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02892355
Contributor : Santé Rennes 1 <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 4:30:06 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 8, 2021 - 3:37:12 AM

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Jeannette Ngue. Médicaments falsifiés : moyens de lutte et techniques de détection. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02892355⟩

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