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Master Thesis

« Les caféières les plus belles de l’Ituri ». Café, colons et planteurs : histoire de la société « Plantations du Congo Oriental » (1910-1943)

Abstract : The history of the company "Plantations du Congo oriental", founded in 1926 by Fernand Delmotte in Ituri, in the eastern province of Belgian Congo, is part of the history of this colony but also in the history of a product tropical and a world market: coffee. Fernand Delmotte was first a civil servant in the railways and then at the Kilo and Moto Gold Mines until 1926, when he founded La Planco with shareholders, family members and friends in Tournai. in Belgium, administrative headquarters of the company. The property containing 450 hectares of coffee plantations had an area of 1,185 hectares in 1943 and also included a village for workers, roads, a hydraulic dam on the Awo river and a processing plant for the preparation of coffee. While coffee production actually began in 1929, the company suffered the full brunt of the 1930s crisis. She faced many vicissitudes, climatic, organizational and cyclical until 1939, when the director was replaced by an outside person. In 1940, it lost the entire production of 1000 tonnes, the largest, because of the Second World War. She is then forced to resort to a loan to survive. Data and figures from the archives, deposited at the Catholic University of Louvain, show that the coffee produced was of the best quality. The scientific contribution of this historic work is to show the life of the settlers in the Belgian Congo in the first half of the 20th century. This sub-ject is forgotten and rarely addressed in the historiography of the independent state of the Congo and the Belgian Congo which succeeded it in 1908. It is based on precise, objective facts and gives the colonists a voice to understand what their situation was in the colony.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Sunday, October 18, 2020 - 3:04:40 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 22, 2021 - 3:07:34 AM


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Stéphanie Delmotte. « Les caféières les plus belles de l’Ituri ». Café, colons et planteurs : histoire de la société « Plantations du Congo Oriental » (1910-1943). Histoire. 2020. ⟨dumas-02970502⟩



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