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Master Thesis

Effet d'un entraînement cognitif via des applications sur la compréhension textuelle de personnes aphasiques

Abstract : People with aphasia who had a stroke frequently have non-linguistic cognitive deficits (executive functions, working memory, attention). These difficulties can be combining with existing language disorders and interfering with complex language activities such as text comprehension. However, the rehabilitation of non-linguistic disorders is beneficial, including for aphasic individuals, and the extent of its effects on language functions is well-known. Since such transfer effects require an intensive, repetitive and adapted practice, mobile applications present themselves as a relevant solution. We aimed to study the effect of daily cognitive training via applications on textual comprehension of aphasic people. We assumed that training executive functions, working memory and attention improve the understanding of main ideas and details of the text, and the making of inferences as well. A cross over care was carried out, allowing either an intervention based on the rehabilitation of executive memory and attention processes via applications, either a classical intervention. The participants received both types of rehabilitation, in a random order. Assessments of executive functions, working memory and divided attention, and text comprehension were proposed on three occasions (T0, T+6 weeks and T+12 weeks). Participants particularly improved their executive functions. Our results suggest that after training, their text comprehension improved : they better understand the general ideas and details of a text, but they also demonstrate better inference skills. Explorations of the relationships between language and non-linguistic cognitive processes deserve to be pursued. To this end, telerehabilitation, led by a therapist, could be an innovative approach to be developed in the clinic.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03086833
Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 22, 2020 - 10:11:06 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 29, 2021 - 3:10:24 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03086833, version 1

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Adèle Caron. Effet d'un entraînement cognitif via des applications sur la compréhension textuelle de personnes aphasiques. Sciences cognitives. 2020. ⟨dumas-03086833⟩

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