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Master Thesis

Approche des asymétries mandibulaires par l’orthodontiste : analyse de la littérature

Abstract : Mandibular asymmetries are complex dysmorphoses due to their extreme variability. The clinical examination associated with three-dimensional radiographic examinations allowed a more precise diagnosis by specifying the extent and structures involved in the asymmetry. To date, no consensus exists to distinguish physiological from pathological asymmetry in terms of both measurements and their location. The therapeutic management decision is based on the practitioner's perception of facial disharmony, location, severity, etiology and occlusal disorders. A functional complaint, the patient's self-perception of the asymmetry and its repercussions affect the decision of a treatment plan.
The occlusal and aesthetic repercussions of asymmetries are assessed by the practitioner in order to discuss the best therapeutic option which can be surgical or orthodontic for example. Interceptive treatment of mandibular asymmetries begins at the age of 3 years. Orthopedic and orthodontic treatments are considered for mild to moderate mandibular asymmetries. For severe asymmetries, the preferred treatment is a surgical treatment most often associated with orthodontic treatment.
The objective of this thesis is to conduct a literature review in order to make an overall review straying by the essential element to establish a precise diagnostic approach, the etiologies and the different therapeutic approaches of mandibular asymmetries.
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Master Thesis
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Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire de Médecine Nice Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 12:44:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 9, 2021 - 3:22:18 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03218098, version 1


France Vives. Approche des asymétries mandibulaires par l’orthodontiste : analyse de la littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03218098⟩



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