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Master Thesis

La place du paysagiste en ville dans un contexte de réchauffement climatique global. La question des îlots de chaleur urbains, application à Montréal

Abstract : The present document aims at highlighting the problem often underestimated of urban heat islands. It is about the appearance of warmer zones in urban areas than in the neighbouring rural spaces. This theoretical work leans on realizations as well as on observations based on the city of Montreal (Canada). A first part allows to place the theoretical bases of the thermal exchanges, the mechanisms of ground heating before defining the concept of urban heat ilands. Afterward, the origins of the appearance of these heat ilands will be developed. All of them results of Men's actions on their environment, but they are of different natures. It is mainly about surface factors, which concern the type of materials as well as the morphology of cities, the loss of the forest cover who affects particularly the city enwarming mitigation, and of factors directly attributable to human. Finally the last part of this work allows to discover a panel of actions which can be considered or be implemented by a landscape architect in an optic of heat island mitigation. The different control measures are developed on three plans: the revegetation measures, water management measures and the choice of materials which have a low thermal impact.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00749024
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 6, 2012 - 2:55:03 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 4:08:07 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, February 7, 2013 - 3:46:11 AM

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Florent Rullier. La place du paysagiste en ville dans un contexte de réchauffement climatique global. La question des îlots de chaleur urbains, application à Montréal. Sciences agricoles. 2012. ⟨dumas-00749024⟩

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