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Master Thesis

État bucco-dentaire de patients atteints de schizophrénie et de trouble schizo-affectif suivis au Centre Hospitalier de Charles Perrens

Abstract : Schizophrenia is one of the most common psychosis in mental institutions and affects 600 000 people in France for which the oral status is little-known. The aim of this study was to assess the oral status of patients suffering from schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders followed at Charles Perrens Hospital (CHCP). The secondary objectives were to assess the patient’s life habits, oral hygiene and the patient’s perspective of dental care (anxiety and dental care renunciation). A cross sectional epidemiological study was carried out on patients suffering from schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders followed at the CHCP. Patients, those who accepted to participate replied to a survey on Lime Survey and then a dentistry student examined the patient. Fifty-one patients were included. The study showed a mean number of decayed, missing or filled teeth (DMFT) of 16,4 (±8,9) with a mean number of decayed teeth of 4,0 (±4,9). The DMFT index was negatively associated with teeth brushed twice or three times per day (p=0,05), a simplified oral hygiene index lower than 1,3 (p=0,04) and positively with the duration of psychosis (p<0,01). This study revealed that patients not only needed restorative and prosthetic dentistry but also required primary prevention.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02887743
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 2, 2020 - 2:44:33 PM
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Hugh Wilkinson. État bucco-dentaire de patients atteints de schizophrénie et de trouble schizo-affectif suivis au Centre Hospitalier de Charles Perrens. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02887743⟩

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